1yoQ After a year of publication Forty five by Alexandre Dumas in the same edition1The turn of the novel has come yahoo owners (now observed CDJs) to enter the paperback circle. This long novel, unknown to the general public, but appreciated by specialists, can (re)read with pleasure thanks to Anne-Marie Callet-Bianco who was able not only to pay a brilliant tribute to the prolific (and perhaps again unpopular) but also to please amateurs and scholars . Readers will find, at the end of the volume, a rich critical apparatus, effectively placing events in their historical and social context.
2The novel, written in 1857, owes much to a lifelong friend, Charles Noudiere. But also on the orders of his son, the father of Dumas will begin to write this story of almost nine months: from October 9, 1799 to June 14, 1800, in a volume of more than 850 pages of our copy.
3For the curious, the directive calls them to the time of the companions of jihu (chuan or “chats” in the West), these lively and armed forces, made up of young nobles, of gentle manners, who embezzled money from the guards. (Let us re-read the attack on Geneva where the experience of the rebels was at its zenith) in which they had the misfortune of being caught and thus dispossessed in favor of the royalist rebels of Vendée and Brittany – we realize here that the novelist’s taste for this kind of adventure, for he is the author of very little known Robin Hood where prince of thieves (1872-1873). Historically, our novel relives the return of Bonaparte from Egypt, accompanied by his officer and friend Roland de Montreville, a future coup (November 9), thanks to Talleyrand and negotiations for an alliance with England – which will prove impossible. Then we get into the twists and turns of the romance novel. Dumas makes Roland’s sister, the beautiful Amélie, a fictional character in this novel. In fact, she is the mistress of the leader of Yahoo’s Comrades, Baron Charles de Saint-Hermine (p. 158) also nicknamed “Morgan”, while apparently making a promise to John Tanlay, special envoy of King George of England and leaving for a dead man and a dagger in his body. Meanwhile, Bonaparte entrusted Roland himself with the task of tracking down the comrades: he managed to capture three survivors of a terrible shooting. But out of loyalty Morgan, the leader of the Jihu Comrades, surrendered to the attacker. While Louis XVIII asks his “troops” to stop the armed struggle, his four comrades, condemned to death, decide to commit suicide. Then begins the Battle of Marengo, in which Bonaparte is victorious. The brave and belligerent Roland distinguished himself in battle and fell mortally wounded. Meanwhile, he finds his dying sister who confesses her romance with Morgan.
4Anne-Marie Callet-Bianco’s introduction is of the same quality as the notes. With six sub-parts, which follow each other perfectly and make up the first pages of the edition, the commentator highlights not only the biblical value of Dumas, but also an entire part of his “philosophy in history” (the word is taken from Dumas himself), because he neutralizes it in all his works, nor Sima here in yahoo owners. Thus it shows from the outset that the work is a “matrix of novel” (p. 9) because the novelist (not to mention the novelist as the theorist who does not know himself) confirms this himself, at times you least expect it. It is, that is, at the heart of the plot of the novel (eg p. 587). Matric, in fact, this novel is: Charles’s older brother will become one of the characters of the novel eggs and blues (1867). And a novel called Knight of Saint Hermine His father will introduce: “The organic link between the three novels, concludes A. M. Callet‑Bianco, also translates to the return of the characters whose principle is outlined in this famous chapter XLIV “Transition” [p. 587‑588] (p. 10). History is then seen as “the other side of contemporary history” (p. 13).
5yahoo owners It is part of the so-called “Thermidorian reaction” that Nodier has already inaugurated and which he has always considered an ideal of an already watered-down Nodierist story. Writing a novel about these rebel bands under imperial power, in the hinterland of the capital, is also, for Dumas, depicting a junction between the inside and outside of the nation, and thus offers readers a kind of “national college” (p. 17). So the whole story takes place after the revolution, and critics, rightly, suggest that the novel becomes the “gesture of post-revolution France” (p. 17) as it shows that the protagonists of this novel emerge “directly”. […] Equestrian novels”, includingadditionalIt can be read plainly in the two opposing characters, Roland and Morgan (note the assonance) who are then assigned according to Dumas’ preferred “categorization” – “‘blonde’ and ‘pink’, both associated with the North” (ibid.).
6If the heroes die, the losers are glorified in history. Then comes “Glory of the Vanquished” (p. 19): The Schwans and the Yahoo comrades are the real losers of history, but, by their organization, they impose the admiration of the readers (for “the readers, always writing themselves), are the jury, “p. 469). This allows Dumas to express his displeasure at the ingratitude of princes and kings, those who “do not even know the name” of their loyal servants (p. 527). Finally, it is the leaders of the rebels, particularly the romantic cadudal, who will be put on a pedestal, while Bonaparte will become for Dumas a “manufactured enigma” (p. 25) whose “shadow and light” (the penultimate title part of the introduction) is scattered throughout the novel.
7The final part entitled “Here is the Blood of Marshal Brun” highlights, from the sudden evocation of medieval Avignon history to the revolution that opened the novel, that the City of the Popes is in fact a powerful symbol, a reduced model of France’s history (p. 31). A historian and novelist, a “chisel” in the hand or a “pen” between the fingers, always encourages his readers to think of a possible settlement of the opposing sides in order to imagine a kind of counter-history, a “different history” (p. 34), even a “fairy tale” (ibid.) which will succeed in erasing the contradictions and strife between siblings to build a unity at last finding its echo in the national novel as conceived by the novelist Dumas, a novel that would incorporate “all sensations and all situations” (p. 34)—we will gladly add “all human conditions.” »
8In the end, Annemarie Calette Bianco’s edition, undoubtedly, offers genuine new hermeneutical paths, which bloody criticism has not studied much. The richness and profound knowledge that we discover in this remarkable work of the commentator therefore obliges us to re-read Dumas’ works to discover what he says in the background, through abundant romantic writing.