The Department of Research, Studies, Evaluation and Statistics is a department of the French Central Public Administration that produces statistics and social and economic studies. It is affiliated with the Ministries of Health and Social and the Ministry of Economy and Finance.
In a national study titled “Mapping the Quality of Life of Children in France” all French departments are concerned and EPCI ranks Communities by group 1 to 8 according to whether the living conditions there are favorable or not for children.
The eastern and southeastern regions of the district benefit from it
An interactive map published online shows that areas on the L’Isle-Jourdain / Vic-Fezensac axis, as well as those on the Auch / Masseube axis are preferred, mainly due to the connection with the Toulouse metropolitan areas, the connection routes (N124), at the Ossetian pole .
There are municipal communities Coteaux Arrats Gimon, Grand Auch Heart of Gascony, Val de Gers, Gascony Toulousaine, Artagnan de Fezensac and Savès corresponding to 179 municipalities.
to me Osh and Jordan poles, located in group 2 in orange, economic factors are rather favorable there. The average standard of living for families there is on average close to the national value (1660 euros per month). Children often live in poor families. Single-parent families and unemployed fathers, who are often affected by poverty, are underrepresented there compared to the average across all territories. In these areas, families often live in old or overcrowded dwellings. Income inequality is lower: the Gini index – the usual indicator of inequality – is lower there. Priority education is less developed there. In addition, access to equipment is easier on average. Arrival times to the nearest colleges and high schools are relatively short and accessibility to places where there is a nanny and at school is best in urban areas.
If, compared to the population, the accessibility and use of pediatricians is lower than in the regions as a whole, then the use of general practitioners, on the contrary, is higher. Finally, the number of voluntary abortions for minors is lower than in other regions.
The Axes Vic-Fezensac / L’Isle Jourdain and Auch / Masseube In group 3 in yellow. As in Group 2, the dwellings where children live are less crowded and less aged. On the other hand, access to equipment and services is very limited. Thus, the average distances to colleges and high schools are greater than in the regions as a whole. The access to nurseries and general practitioners is also less. At the school level, children often drop out of school before the age of 18 and are much later than 6th grade. Thus, on average, only 2% of 16- and 17-year-olds have left school, and only 7% of sixth-graders have retaken at least one class, compared to 4% and 9%, respectively, across the board. Regions.
Disadvantaged North, West and Southwest
On the contrary, the other two-thirds of the department are largely deprived.
There are municipal communities Armagnac Adour, Aire-sur-l’Adour (partly in Gers), Bas Armagnac, Bastides de Lomagne, Bastides and Vallons du Gers, Heart of Astarac in Gascony, Astarac Arros in Gascony, Grand Armagnac, Tenarèze, Lomagne Gersoise, Deux Reef (Partially on tents) corresponding to 282 municipalities.
The Area 5 in blue includes Rural areas away from health services. They are located mainly in rural communities. This group of host regions Economically disadvantaged families. Children often live in families Below the low income threshold and one parent is often unemployed. On the contrary, they often have an executive father. The proportion of children with one executive parent is on average 8%, compared to 15% for all provinces of the French capital. Standards of living are lower than in the regions as a whole. Families often have three or more children. However, disparities in standards of living are moderate. Housing is often less overcrowded and the relative cost of purchasing housing, compared to the standard of living of families, is lower.
This group is clearly distinguished from the previous group by its easy access to general practitioners or pediatricians. In addition, children of these areas are often licensed athletes. Finally they They often drop out of school before age 18 and are often late for 6th grade.
The Zone 6 is light green Include areas that have few children, and also have Decreased access to services and equipment. The proportion of children within the population in this group is lower than elsewhere, and has been declining since 2009. This group of territories has many characteristics in common with Group 5, particularly in economic matters. Families often live below the lower income threshold and their standard of living there is lower than elsewhere. Children often have an unemployed father, less often a manager’s father. However, as in Group 5, the level of real estate purchase prices, which is related to the standard of living of families, is lower than in all urban areas. As in cluster 5, access to care is more limited than in all regions. The average recourse to care (general practitioners, pediatricians, dentists, ophthalmologists, and psychiatrists) is also among the lowest there (Chapote and Vergier, 2017). Added to this is Even worse than access to other equipment and services Compared to Group 5: Fewer places available in nurseries, with a babysitter or at school, Times of arrival to the municipalities of the nearest colleges and secondary schools. At the school level, children in these areas often fall behind when they enter sixth grade and often drop out before age 18.. However, the numbers for each class are lower than elsewhere. Finally, the number of sports licenses issued per hundred children is also lower.
Differences within the same EPCI
If the mapping study and the DREES study provide trends and mean within the commune community (EPCI), the situation can be compared within, depending on the size of the municipality in question and its distance from other more attractive/favorable areas. So this must be taken into account.
Similarly, the analysis of each group (color) is the same for the entire national territory. It should be borne in mind that the territory of tents may have its own characteristics even if the characteristics observed meet the criteria for the formation of groups.