The first national study on the well-being of children aged 3-11 years

The purpose of this study is to produce missing or partial indicators of their well-being and are part of a more global system for monitoring the health of children and young people. It will make it possible to direct public authorities in implementing prevention strategies. Participation in this study is necessary to build a scientific base and create environments conducive to children’s development.

Estimating child well-being to meet the need for health indicators in 3- to 11-year-olds

The health crisis has affected the mental health of young people and demonstrated the need for care and prevention actions based on solid data. For this, indications are necessary. First, to understand their potential difficulties and to be able to prevent them as quickly as possible. Then take action to encourage health-promoting behaviors before entering adolescence and into adult life.

Genevieve Shen, Director General of Public Health in France

Data on the well-being of young children aged 3 to 11 years are not currently available or are still highly fragmented. The Enabee study aims to:

  • Measurement of the state of well-being and the prevalence of various emotional difficulties encountered (mood disorders, anxiety, phobias, agitation, learning difficulties);
  • Describe the different dimensions of well-being and their impact on children’s quality of life;
  • Identification of conditions and determinants that affect well-being (social, family, economic, health and environmental elements);
  • Assessment of links between measured difficulties and other areas of health (eg: diseases, body size, child development, health behaviours).

The results of this study will provide indications of children’s mental health. In addition to the existing indicators1.2They will give an overview of the health status of children in France. These results will be anonymised, they are population-level statistical data of the age group involved, and do not constitute a single diagnostic tool. To be submitted by the end of 2022. Implementation of the study is being considered in the 2023 DROMs. Repeated at regular intervals, the Enabee study will allow the measurement of changes in children’s well-being and the effects of preventive measures put in place to improve it.

A study conducted in schools to reach the largest possible number of people

The National Enabee Study will take place from May to June 2022 and aims to interview approximately 30,000 pupils from the Junior Kindergarten (PSM) to CM2 department at random from 600 contracted public and private schools in France.

In order to assess as comprehensively as possible the children’s well-being and the factors that may influence it, the study, using specific questionnaires, will ask the children and their parents and teachers. After agreeing to participate, parents or adults who live with the child on a daily basis will be asked to answer a 30-minute questionnaire, online or over the phone. From CP, children will complete self-questions in their classes at school time. Each class session will last approximately 1:30, and investigators accredited by Ipsos, the service provider responsible for operational implementation, will visit selected schools and classes to accompany the children and their teachers.

A pilot survey was launched in January 2022 with approximately 1,800 children in order to test the entire data collection system, its feasibility and acceptability. In particular, the results made it possible to demonstrate a strong adherence of institutional heads, teachers, and children to this widespread system.

The right tools to better inform and support participants

Public Health France provides children, parents and teachers with several information tools in order to better inform them of the purpose and progress of this study.

  • An information kit consisting of posters, brochures, and newsletters providing the questionnaire was previously sent to parents and teachers.
  • A dedicated Enabee study website is available to everyone and collects all useful information in order to support and answer questions for children, parents and teachers throughout the duration of the study and beyond. In particular, the following will be presented: educational resources, frequently asked questions and spaces for participants who can access the survey.
  • A free phone number: 08 00 94 25 91 and an email address: contact@enabee.fr is available to answer additional questions from the participants.

For more information, see the survey page on our website – Enabee: A National Study on Child Well-Being

There are two administrative bodies that support the publication of the survey

Under the supervision of Public Health France, the National Survey of Mental Health of Young Children has been involved in the Ministry in charge of Health and the Ministry in charge of National Education as well as actors working with children and young people.

It depends on two cases:

  • The Scientific Support Committee consists of child psychiatrists, psychologists, physicians, specialists in child development and learning difficulties, epidemiologists, statisticians, specialists in education and social sciences… Its task is to define and define the study protocol, objectives, methodological framework and synergy with current surveys.
  • Le comité de pilotage, qui s’assure de la cohérence des objectifs de l’enquête avec les attendus pour l’aide à la décision des politiques publiques en matière de prévention, et de price en charge des troubles de la santé mentale des enfants et Youth ; And good conditions for conducting the study. It is made up of representatives of the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of National Education, the Department of Research, Studies, Evaluation and Statistics (DREES) as well as representatives of civil society, in particular parents’ associations and teacher representatives.

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