Children’s graves in Native American boarding schools in the United States

The report issued by the Ministry of Interior on Wednesday found more schools that are known to have been operating for 150 years, coinciding with the removal of many tribes from their ancestral lands.

The dark history of boarding schools – where children from their families were prevented from speaking their Native American languages ​​and often abused – has profoundly affected entire generations of Native Americans.

Many children never return home. The investigation has so far revealed more than 500 deaths in 19 schools, although the Interior Ministry has said the number could be in the thousands or even tens of thousands.

“Many of these children were buried in unmarked or poorly maintained burial sites, far from their Indian tribes, Alaskan Native villages, Native Hawaiian community and their families, often hundreds or even thousands of kilometers away.”says the report.

The Home Office said the second part of the report will cover burial sites as well as the federal government’s financial investment in schools and the effects of boarding schools on Indigenous communities.

“The consequences of federal policies on Indian boarding schools – including intergenerational trauma caused by family separation and de-culture inflicting on generations of children as young as 4 years old – are heartbreaking and undeniable”Home Secretary Deb Haaland said in a statement.

Deb Haaland, who is from the Laguna tribe, announced an initiative last June to investigate boarding schools and uncover the truth about the government’s role. The 408 schools identified by his agency are located in 37 states, including Oklahoma, Arizona, and New Mexico.

So far, the department has found at least 53 burial sites in or near US boarding schools, both marked and unmarked.

Some boarding schools were directly run by the US government. Catholic, Protestant, and other churches run schools there with federal funding, backed by U.S. laws and policies intended to “civilizationAn American citizen.

The Home Office report was encouraged after the discovery of hundreds of unmarked graves at former residential school sites in Canada that brought back painful memories for Aboriginal communities.

Also on Wednesday, Deb Haaland announced a year-long tour for Home Office officials that will allow former residents of Native American tribes, Alaskan Native villages and Native Hawaiian communities to share their stories as part of a permanent collection of oral history.

“My priority is not only to give a voice to survivors and their descendants of federal residential school policies, but also to address the lasting legacy of these policies so that Indigenous peoples can continue to grow and heal.”She said.

Boarding school conditions varied across the United States and Canada. While some former students reported positive experiences, schoolchildren often had military discipline and their long hair cut.

Early programs focused heavily on outdated work skills, including housework for girls.

Tribal leaders urged the agency to ensure that the remains of the children found were taken care of and returned to their tribes if it so desired. Brian Newland, Assistant Home Secretary for Indian Affairs, said the locations of the burial sites would not be made public to prevent inconvenience.

The The National Alliance for the Native American School of Al-Shifawhich created an early inventory of schools, said the Home Office’s work would be an important step for the United States in addressing its role in schools.

This week, a US House of Representatives subcommittee will hear testimony on a bill to create a committee.”Truth and Healing Similar to the commission in Canada. Many religious groups support the legislation.

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