Excerpts from the national anthem, allusions to subversive songs: Chinese show creativity to thwart internet censorship and express dissatisfaction with anti-Covid restrictions.
China is watching the Internet closely. Content that portrays state policy poorly or is likely to cause unrest is removed by moderators.
But censorship must now be in full swing to defend the untouchable national strategy of “zero Covid”, under which most of Shanghai’s 25 million residents have been locked up since the beginning of April.
Resentful of problems supplying fresh produce, accessing non-Covid medical care, and sending people who test positive to quarantine centers, many are venting their anger online.
For Charlie Smith, co-founder of GreatFire.org that monitors Chinese censorship, the containment of Shanghai has become “a topic too important to be fully censored”.
Especially since internet users are competing in creativity to thwart it.
Photo or video deleted? Slightly cropping the edges or flipping them like a mirror is often enough to frustrate AI-powered automated censorship filters.
censored comment? Internet users use hints or puns.
In Shanghai, instead of writing vitriol, some shared a hashtag bearing the first words of the national anthem: “Rise! We don’t want to be slaves anymore”…
She was eventually censored, but only after the censors were arrested.
– Les Miserables –
Another tactic: Netizens rallied against inclusion on movie and book review site Douban.com, thanks to their online vote to put the dystopian novel “1984” at the top of the rankings.
Target achieved… before the sergeant intervenes again.
Overwhelmed, however, the latter failed to prevent the viral spread last month of a video titled “The Voice of April,” which in six minutes collected stories of Shanghainese in distress facing confinement.
By modifying the six-minute video very slightly, netizens were able to thwart the filtering software, which at first could only identify the original version—and thus censor it.
The fighting lasted several hours before observers spent all of the circulating versions. But millions of people had time to watch the video.
Angry at the censorship, many netizens then shared clips of two songs of the protest on the WeChat social network: “Do you hear people sing?” (from the musical “Les Miserables”) and “Another Brick In The Wall” (from the band Pink Floyd).
The first is the call to rebellion. The second is particularly critical of “thought control”.
– “Steady” –
Lucio Loi, a former journalist at Hong Kong Baptist University, told AFP that Shanghai was now “prepared to pay the price” for publishing critical opinions online.
She believes that the “difficulties, dissatisfaction and anger” associated with incarceration “far outweigh the fear of punishment”.
Gao Ming, a 46-year-old Chinese, told AFP that police called him last month to ask him to delete anti-lockdown messages posted on Twitter and Facebook – all platforms inaccessible from China.
He declined because he said it was “anti-censorship” and “completely against current policy,” which he said, Shanghai’s confinement caused unnecessary deaths, due to severe disruption to access to non-Covid medical care.
The public media insists almost exclusively on the positive aspects, while ignoring the personal difficulties of the population.
But the Communist Party on Thursday reiterated its “unwavering” support for Zero Covid and called for a “resolute struggle against all words and deeds” that put it into question.
Relaxation is less likely because the Chinese president himself advocates this health policy, notes Yaqiu Wang, China director at Human Rights Watch, an American human rights advocacy group.
“It’s hard for the government to back down when it comes to an ideological issue that personally concerns Xi Jinping.”