Hepatitis: in children and adults, what symptoms should you pay attention to?

Jaundice, abdominal pain, and nausea are among the symptoms of hepatitis. (© Semevent/Pixabay)

The epidemic is still unjustified at the moment. Since the beginning of April, dozens of children across Europe have been affected A new form of severe acute hepatitis. 74 children more precisely, the World Health Organization (WHO).

France is one of the countries concerned, as two cases were detected in Lyon, of children between the ages of three and seven years. Health authorities remain very vigilant, and signs of hepatitis are not always clearly visible, especially in young children. Exactly how Recognize the symptoms Who is this disease?

Five viruses

hepatitis disease affects the liver At different levels, from chronic inflammation to acute inflammation. in this time, Five main categories Lever Inflammation It was recognized by the authorities. They are identified by the letters A, B, C, D, E, depending on the method of infection (contaminated water or food, consumption of toxic substances, virus).

  • For hepatitis A and E.

In the case of hepatitis A, details of the Social Security website, and incubation period It ranges from 15-30 days on average, but can wait 50 days. The disease develops in two stages, the pre-jaundic stage (which can last from one to three weeks) and the icteric stage. Each has its own symptoms.

For pre-jaundice, watch out for nausea, loss of appetite, extreme general fatigue, abdominal and/or joint pain, and sometimes hives. Flu-like symptoms (eg, fever, headache, muscle aches) may also occur.

Next, the larval stage is marked by dark urine (such as tea), stool discoloration (which becomes pale or gray) especially a yellow eyes and/or skin.

Symptoms of the pre-jaundic stage of hepatitis A diminish and then disappear in the days following the onset of jaundice. Sometimes there is no jaundice: there are only signs of pre-jaundice.

social security
  • For hepatitis B and D.

Hepatitis B symptoms are fickle and the disease can go unnoticed. […] Often, acute infection with the hepatitis B virus does not give any visible manifestations, warns Social Security from the outset.

Videos: Currently in Actu

The The incubation period Hepatitis B infection ranges from 30 to 180 days. To confirm the disease, a blood test is necessary.

Symptoms indicative of hepatitis B or acute hepatitis D are: malaise, irritability, headache, sleep disturbances, abdominal pain (especially on the right side), itching, and weight loss. You may also experience flu-like symptoms, such as fever and body aches.

The patient can recover as well as progress to a form of chronic hepatitis.

social security

In some rare cases (about 1% of patients), hepatitis B is ‘full’, meaning that the liver damage is very extensive. It may become fatal It requires an emergency transplant.

The incubation period for acute hepatitis C ranges from 2 to 12 weeks.

General tiredness, yellowing of the skin, dark urine and paler stools than usual Most common symptoms for hepatitis C infection.

But the challenge is the same for hepatitis B: symptoms are often absent or not very suggestive. This is the case for 90% of pollution, Social Security notes. To establish a true diagnosis, it is necessary to undergo examination via sample.

In 15 to 30% of cases, the patient recovers from hepatitis C. But in most cases, the disease becomes chronic. It is then necessary to monitor skin problems, joint pain, muscle aches, general fatigue and sometimes even neurological problems.

To develop , Hepatitis D requires that the patient already has hepatitis B. Also, like her, hepatitis D symptoms can go completely unnoticed.

Symptoms suggestive of acute hepatitis D are also similar to those of hepatitis B: fever, nausea, and jaundice. They can be accompanied by flu-like symptoms (fever, body aches, etc.).

Same pattern for the incubation period: Like hepatitis B, it can be up to 180 days.

Hepatitis E, which is transmitted by eating contaminated foods (meat, fruits, vegetables, seafood grown in contaminated water, etc.), has symptoms similar to hepatitis A. The renal system can also be affected.

“In 15 to 20% of cases, there is an associated neurological impairment,” he emphasizes health passport Jean-Marie Peron, Head of the Department of Hepatology at Toulouse University Hospital.

The incubation period of the disease ranges from two to eight weeks, but on average it is about 40 days. Here, too, there is a risk that hepatitis E will become “full”, with an emergency transplant necessary to avoid death.

Hepatitis A and B . Vaccines

In the case of hepatitis A and B, Vaccines It has been developed. Vaccination is recommended for the first, is Is mandatory For the second time.

The hepatitis B vaccine is mandatory for all children 2 months of age born on or after January 1, 2018, as well as for some professionals. A full list of the sectors concerned can be found on the Public Service website.

On the other hand, there is no vaccine for other forms of hepatitis. The government website concludes that “only blood tests can detect hepatitis C virus.”

Was this article useful to you? Note that you can follow Actu in the My Actu space. With one click, and after registration, you will find all the news of your favorite cities and brands.

Leave a Comment